Alcohols and Phenols

Alcohols and phenols are formed when a hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon, aliphatic and aromatic respectively, is replaced by –OH group. From the ordinary spirit used for polishing wooden furniture is chiefly a compound containing hydroxyl group, ethanol, to the sugar we eat, the cotton used for fabrics, the paper we use for writing, are all made up of compounds containing hydroxyl (-OH) groups.

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