The Power of Enzymes

Biological catalysis was first recognized and described in the early 1800s, in studies of the digestion of meat by secretions of the stomach and the conversion of starch into sugar by saliva and various plant extracts. Louis Pasteur had concluded that fermentation of sugar into alcohol by yeast is catalyzed by ferments. Enzymes are bio-catalysts mostly made up of proteins (except ribozymes), which increases the rate of bio-chemical reactions by lowering down the activation energy. They were first isolated and discovered by the German chemist  Eduard Buchner. The enzyme that he had discovered was zymase obtained from yeast. The term enzyme however, was given by the German …

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The Mystery of Aurora

Although they look elegant and calm, aurorae are produced when a large number of charged particles undergo collision while being trapped in Earth’s magnetic field.

This splendid display of colours and appearance of dancing lights is fascinating, and equally puzzling. These haunting lights are a form of intense space weather, a result of the atmosphere shielding the Earth against fierce solar particles that would otherwise make our planet uninhabitable. Millions and millions of electrically charged particles in the solar wind wash over Earth and smash into upper atmospheric gases. The energy from each collision is released as photons – particles of light. This causes the particles to glow.

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A Physical Pendulum Problem

About 2 weeks ago, Former MIT Professor Walter H. G. Lewin posted a Physics problem on his YouTube channel as a part of his series of problems for the viewers of his channel. This question was divided into two parts – the first one, which was quite simple and a trickier sequel to it. The videos have been embedded and the solution is derived along the problem.

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Alcohols and Phenols

Alcohols and phenols are formed when a hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon, aliphatic and aromatic respectively, is replaced by –OH group. From the ordinary spirit used for polishing wooden furniture is chiefly a compound containing hydroxyl group, ethanol, to the sugar we eat, the cotton used for fabrics, the paper we use for writing, are all made up of compounds containing hydroxyl (-OH) groups.

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Understanding The Mid Point Theorem

The Mid Point Theorem states that, “The line segment joining the mid points of any two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and is equal to half of it.” If we consider a Δ ABC with P and Q as mid points of AB and BC respectively as shown, we are given that AP = PB (P is the mid point) AQ = QC (Q is the mid point)

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